Cannabis concentrates are on the rise with the legalized market. Cannabis concentrates are condensed, potent forms of cannabis, containing the highest concentrations of THC. Concentrates come in many forms and many names including butter, wax, resin, shatter, and more. With a high THC content, concentrates are known to be much more potent than cannabis flower itself. The taste and potency of the concentrate depends on the source strain, or the flower used during extraction.
Cannabis concentrates are made from the essential compounds found in cannabis, specifically cannabinoids (responsible for that “high” feeling) and terpenes (responsible for the taste). These compounds are removed through the process of extraction which comes in many shapes and forms. The method of extraction can influence the appearance and consistency of the concentrate. There are, generally, two main forms of extraction: solventless extraction and solvent-based extraction.
Solventless extraction is exactly what it sounds like – extraction without using any sort of solvent. Instead, extraction is done using high heat and high pressure. Using a press machine, specifically a rosin press, a heated plate puts intense pressure on the plant material to squeeze out the trichome-containing (the part of the plant that contains cannabinoids and terpenes) liquidfrom the material itself. Other forms of solventless extraction include physically shaking the trichomes off the plant. This method is often used for kief and hash.
Solvent-based extraction is also as the name indicates – using a solvent. Often used solvents are butane, ethanol and CO2. These solvents are run through the material of the plant, stripping the resinous trichomes. The solvents are removed from the final product using high heat. After proper extraction and removal of the solvents, there should be no trace of the solvent left in the product.
There’s many different types of concentrates available in the legal market. Here’s a few of the most common:
– Shatter: Shatter is a very brittle concentrate, typically yellowish or translucent in color. It is a good middle ground concentrate, providing both decent potency and flavor.
– Wax: Wax is a very sticky and gooey substance. It is easily added to flower and has a smooth texture.
– Sauce: Sauce is a gooey, applesauce-like substance that contains high levels of terpenes, making it a tastier option for concentrates. Sauce is a great option for those who prefer taste over potency.
– Budder/Batter/Butter: With a texture very similar to that of butter, this concentrate is a solid wax that has a thick creamy consistency.
– Live Resin: Live resin is a sticky concentrate full of terpenes, making it very flavorful. Live resin is made by freezing plant material and using a solvent to extract the good stuff.
– Distillate: Distillate, also known as THC oil, is a very potent concentrate. Distillate is made through a very complex distillation process that separates the THC from other compounds within the plant.
Using a press machine, specifically a rosin press, a heated plate puts intense pressure on the plant material to squeeze out the trichome-containing (the part of the plant that contains cannabinoids and terpenes) liquid from the material itself. Other forms of solventless extraction include physically shaking the trichomes off the plant. This method is often used for kief and hash.
There’s many different types of concentrates available in the legal market. Here’s a few of themost common:
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